Readers at the Below Standards level demonstrate basic knowledge and skills in reading. Although they have gaps in their learning, readers at this level apply their knowledge and skills in comprehending literary and informational texts having a clear purpose, simple language, and familiar style and structure.
Readers who are below the Standards demonstrate a basic understanding of the important ideas in the text and support their ideas with general information from the text and from their own experience. These readers identify and relate aspects of text structure to its overall meaning, recognize interpretations, and relate ideas in the text to their own experiences. They sometimes rely more on their own knowledge and ideas than on the text. They identify some explicit main ideas and important details and make simple generalizations about the main points.
These readers understand basic character traits and motives in uncomplicated literary passages. They order simple sequences of events and explain the relationships among the events. They apply word analysis skills and use context clues to determine the meaning of words in the text.
Readers who are below the Standards recognize basic literary elements and devices, including setting, point of view, conflict, foreshadowing, and flashback.