For most children with learning disabilities receiving special education services, the primary area of difficulty is reading. People with reading disabilities often have problems recognizing words that they already know. They may also be poor spellers and may have problems with decoding skills. Other symptoms may include trouble with handwriting and problems understanding what they read. A reading and language-based learning disability may be commonly called
Dyslexia. For more information and additional resources regarding dyslexia, visit
If your student has trouble with spelling, handwriting, and putting thoughts on paper, it may be due to a learning disability. Writing requires a complex set of motor and information processing skills. Among the disabilities that affect writing are Dysgraphia and Dyspraxia.
Two major areas of weakness can contribute to math learning disabilities: Visual-spatial difficulties, which result in a person having trouble processing what the eye sees, and/or language processing difficulties, which result in a person having trouble processing and making sense of what the ear hears. Dyscalculia is a learning disability related to math. Those with dyscalculia may have difficulty understanding math concepts and solving even simple math problems.
It is important to reiterate that, although the identification of the above conditions constitutes a disability, it does not automatically mean that the student is eligible for special education services. An evaluation is necessary to determine if the disability adversely affects the student’s education.
It is critical that school districts and faculty seek opportunities to know how these conditions can be identified as early as possible, how these disabilities affect their students’ performance, and what interventions have shown by research to be the most effective.