The Institutional Environment (e.g. physical surrounding).
The physical environment includes the school building and the area surrounding it, and conditions such as temperature, noise, lighting and air quality. The physical environment can positively or negatively impact student and teacher attitudes as well as student achievement.
Achievement tends to be lower in schools that have:
- substandard facilities;
- higher noise levels;
- poor temperature regulation; and
- poor air quality
Other conditions of the physical environment also impact the school climate, such as:
- the size of the school;
- placement of desks, and;
- displays of student work.