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Targeted Assistance School Programs  Section 1115PDF Document

On December 10, 2015, President Barack Obama signed the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), which reauthorized and updated the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). ESSA authorizes two distinct program structures under Title I, Part A. They are Targeted assistance school programs and schoolwide programs.

 Definition of Title I Targeted Assistance School Program

In a Title I, Part A targeted assistance school(s), Title I funds may only be used to provide supplemental instructional services to eligible children identified as having the greatest need for special assistance. Eligible children are children identified by the school as failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the challenging state academic standards on the basis of multiple, educationally related, objective criteria.

 Which Schools Are Eligible To Provide Targeted Assistance School Program?

All schools selected to receive Title I Part A funds that are ineligible for a schoolwide program, have not received a waiver from the State Education Agency to operate a schoolwide program, or choose not to operate a schoolwide program, a LEA serving such school may use funds only for programs that provide services to eligible children identified as having the greatest need for special assistance.

Eligible Population

  • Children not older than 21 who are entitled to a free public education through grade 12
  • Children who are not yet at grade level 

Eligible Children from Eligible Population

  • Eligible children are children identified by the school as failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the state academic standards
  • Eligible children are identified on the basis of multiple, educationally related, objective criteria established by the LEA and supplemented by the school
  • Eligible children from preschool through grade 2 shall be selected solely on the basis of criteria, including objective criteria, established by the LEA and supplemented by the school

Children Include

  • Economically disadvantaged
  • Children with disabilities
  • Migrant children if they received services at any time in the preceding two years
  • English learners
  • Head Start and pre-school children if they received services at any time in the preceding 2 years in a Head Start program or Title II Part B subpart 2 literacy program or Title I Part A preschool program
  • Neglected and delinquent children
  • Homeless Children

Use of Funds:  Each targeted assistance program SHALL:

  • Serve participating students identified as eligible children.
  • Use resources under this part to help eligible children meet the challenging state academic standards (may include programs, activities, and academic courses necessary to provide a well-rounded education).
  • Use methods and instructional strategies to strengthen the academic program of the school (activities may include expanded learning time, before and after-school programs, summer programs and opportunities, a schoolwide tiered model to prevent and address behavior problems, and early intervening services).
  • Coordinate with and support the regular education program (may include services to assist preschool children in the transition from early childhood education programs to elementary school programs).
  • Provide professional development with resources to teachers, principals, other school leaders and paraprofessionals who work with eligible children in implementing strategies to increase the involvement of parents of eligible children.
  • If appropriate and applicable, coordinate and integrate federal, state, and local services and programs (such as violence prevention programs, nutrition programs, housing programs, Head Start programs, adult education programs, and career and technical education programs.
  • Provide to the LEA assurances that the school WILL…
    • Help provide an accelerated, high-quality curriculum.
    • Minimize the removal of children from the regular classroom during regular school hours for instruction.
    • On an ongoing basis, review the progress of eligible children and revise the targeted assistance program, if necessary, to provide additional assistance to enable children to meet the challenging state academic standards.
  • Dual or concurrent enrollment program services to eligible children identified as having the greatest need for special assistance.

Comprehensive Services

If a comprehensive needs assessment has been completed, collaborative partnerships with local service providers have been pursued and established, yet funds are not reasonably available from other public or private sources, then a portion of the funds provided under this part may be used as a last resort to provide:

  • Provision of basic medical equipment, such as eyeglasses and hearing aids
  • Compensation of a coordinator
  • Family support and engagement services
  • Integrated student supports
  • Professional development for school staff and parents

Delivery of Services

  • The services of a targeted assistance program may be delivered by nonprofit or for-profit external providers with expertise in using evidence-based or other effective strategies to improve student achievement.

Supplemental Funds, Not Services
A school operating a targeted assistance program may not use Title I, Part A funds to provide services that are otherwise required by law to be made available to eligible children (such as required services for English learners or students with disabilities), but may be used to coordinate or supplement such services.

Reasonable and Necessary
All expenditures must be reasonable and necessary.

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