On August 31, 2017, the Evidence-Based Funding for Student Success Act, or
Public Act 100-0465
became law. Five previous grant programs are combined into a single grant program and distributed as evidence-based funding. Those grant programs are General State Aid, Special Education – Personnel, Special Education – Funding for Children Requiring Special Education Services, Special Education – Summer School and English Learner Education.
Districts receive the same amounts from these grant programs as they did in the year prior to the new law. That hold harmless provision is known as the Base Funding Minimum. In addition, districts receive funding based on their assignment to one of four tiers, which represent a ranking of their capacity to meet expectations.
In fiscal year 2020, the Base Funding Minimum (BFM) consists of three components – the FY 2019 BFM amount, the FY 2019 tier funding amount, and the FY 2019 Property Tax Relief Grants (PTRG) for applicable districts. Additionally, per PA 101 – 0010, Regional Offices of Education (ROEs) will be included in tier funding and ROE Supplemental Grants received in FY 2018 and FY 2019 will be added to their BFM. In addition to the BFM, districts receive a share of approximately $312 million in funding distributed through the tiers, with the greatest share of funding going to those districts with the greatest need for assistance.